Protected AreasIndia has at present four categories of protected area (PAs), these are National Parks, Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves which are provided legal sanctity by the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972. However, there area six categories specified by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) and different countries have different categories of PAs as per their requirements and norms laid by their Governments.
Current Figure of Protected Areas in India
Wildlife Protected Areas of Sikkim
In Sikkim we have, presently, 8 Protected Areas which comprises of 1 National Park and 7 Wildlife Sanctuaries that covers almost 31 per cent of the total geographical area of the state.
1. Protected Area Network does not include area under butter zone of a biosphere reserve
2. Total area under administration by Forests, Environment & Wildlife Management Department
(RF i/c PAs) + Khasmals + Gaucharan =5452+285+104=5841 Sq km)
3. Territorial Sector [RF + Khasmals + Gaucharan = 3268.90 + 285 +104 = 3657.90 Sq. km] i.e. 51.55% of State's Geographical area
4. Wildlife Sector [KNP + Sanctuaries = 2183.10 Sq. km] i.e. 30.77 % of State's Geographical Area.
Guidelines for Dispensing Compensation for Life/ Property/ Losses during Human Wildlife Conflict - Sikkim
Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Deaparment, Government of Sikkim has formulated guidelines for speedy and effective implementation of dispensing compensation to the victims or next kin for life/ property/ losses incurred during the human-wildlife conflict in the State of Sikkim vide F.No. 261/WLC/F/06/194 dated 26/12/2015.
» See the Guidlelines [PDF: 203 Kb][Top]
Prespective Manaagement Strategies of WPAs of Sikkim 2009
The term wildlife encompasses all uncultivated flora and undomesticated fauna. Every species has the right to live and every threatened species must be protected to prevent extinction. Water, wilderness and wildlife are irrevocably interlinked. With mounting industrial and demographic pressures, wilderness areas, which are the richest repositories of wildlife and biodiversity have either shrunk or disappeared their continued existence is crucial for the long term survival of the biodiversity and the ecosystems supporting them. Effective ecosystem conservation is the foundation of long-term ecological and economic stability. Conservation of biodiversity is directly linked with conservation of ecosystems and thus with water and food security. Habitat loss caused by developmental infrastructural developmental projects for short term economic gains undermining ecological security. Read More[Top]